Start by browsing information on your topic. As you read you will find issues that interest you and have information available.
Reference sources give an overview, introduce the notable people in the field, explain the controversies and give suggested readings in the bibliography.
Find a question that needs answering. Don’t just rehash old data. Use the information you read to answer a research question.
If the information you are finding is not supporting your thesis, think outside the box to see how you can find the information you need or change your thesis.
“Experiment with ways to explore your subject.
Instead of just plunging into a first draft, experiment with one or more techniques for exploring your subject - perhaps talking and listening, annotating texts and taking notes, listing, clustering, freewriting, or asking the journalist’s questions. Whatever technique you turn to, the goal is the same: to generate a wealth of ideas that will lead you to a question, problem, or an issue that you want to explore further. At this early stage of the writing process, don’t censor yourself. Sometimes an idea that initially seems trivial or far-fetched will turn out to be worthwhile.“ Hacker, D. (2009) A Writer’s Reference, 6th ed. New York: Bedford/St. Martins. p.3