“Economies of emotion, fantasy, and desire: Emotional Labor in Ho Chi Minh City’s Sex Industry” by Kimberly Kay Hoang
"Hoang explores the different class sectors of Ho Chi Minh City’s sex industry and how each tier of women in sex work engages in different levels of emotional labor. Through interviews with women from low, mid, and high class tiers, Hoang uncovers how women at the low-end sector cater to Vietnamese men of similar class standing and engage in more repressive emotional labor (i.e. hiding feelings of disgust) while mid and high end sector women use expressive emotional labor (such as fantasy production and boosting men’s self-image through forms of desire) for remittances and gifts. Her research demonstrates the complex ways in which the experiences of women in the sex industry varies depending on class sectors. Furthermore, Hoang demonstrates how the women in the sex industry of Ho Chi Minh City must engage in various forms of commodified, emotional labor in order to make a profit, which complicates the idea of sex work as merely paying for sexual services."