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Copyright & Intellectual Property: Library

Information about copyright & intellectual property

Library Exemption

Reproducing a copyrighted work without the consent of the copyright holder can be an infringement of copyright even if the individual owns a copy of the work. However, as a non-profit educational library, Ikeda Library is allowed to:

  • Reproduce limited copies 
    Title 17 of the U.S. Code § 108. Reproduction by libraries and archives

  • Distribute a lawfully obtained copy through loan, rental or sale 
    Title 17 of the U.S. Code § 109. Effect of transfer of particular copy or phonorecord

The owner of a legally obtained copy of a book or serial is entitled to sell, rent, give away or dispose of that copy without the authority of the copyright owner. This exemption has allowed libraries to lend books to their patrons. Items in the digital format such as music, online databases, and software are sold as licenses, not as copies. Therefore, libraries lose the right to be as free in distributing these items.

Copyright Notice to Library Users

As a reminder to all library staff and patrons, the library posts this notice on all copiers, printers, and scanners that may be used in the library:




The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material.

Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specific conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "Fair Use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.

This institution reserves the right to refuse a copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of copyright law.