~Start by browsing the information on your topic. As you read you will find issues that interest you and have information available. You find your topic by reading and searching in the literature not by sitting quietly and musing. Browse the book stacks in an area of your interest, (use the Library of Congress Subject Headings). Use Academic Search Premier or ProQuest Research Library to skim magazine and journal articles on several topics.
~Reference sources show you the lay of the land on the topic. They give an overview, introduce the notable people in the field, explain the controversies and give suggested readings in the bibliography. Browse articles in the Gale Virtual Reference Library.
~Find a question that needs answering. Don’t just rehash old data. Use the information you read to answer a research question.
~Use lateral thinking. That is what football quarterbacks do. When advancement along one line is blocked, look for another, change your direction and try a new approach. If the information you are finding is not supporting your thesis, think outside the box to see how you can find the information you need or change your thesis.
~Move the discussion of the topic forward with your contribution. You will use the articles and books you read to inspire, support and challenge your research question.
“Experiment with ways to explore your subject.
Instead of just plunging into a first draft, experiment with one or more techniques for exploring your subject - perhaps talking and listening, annotating texts and taking notes, listing, clustering, freewriting, or asking the journalist’s questions. Whatever technique you turn to, the goal is the same: to generate a wealth of ideas that will lead you to a question, problem, or an issue that you want to explore further. At this early stage of the writing process, don’t censor yourself. Sometimes an idea that initially seems trivial or far-fetched will turn out to be worthwhile.“ Hacker, D. (2009) A Writer’s Reference, 6th ed. New York: Bedford/St. Martins. p.3